Pedro Albizu Campos.
United States is a sovereign. It's not a group of sovereigns. "We the People of the United States in order to stablish a more perfect union, etc., etc.", thus reads the NorthAmerican Constitution preamble.
Legally United States is an organized nation in one only State, in the real sense of the term, in spite of the living political reality that represents Southern nationalism, with its aspirations and ideals, with its heroes and martyrs, of inspiring memories for more than half of the NorthAmerican political body.
For erudite writers as the Virginia's historian, Pollard, the Southern Federation is an ideal.
However the NorthAmerican Constitution is legally the will of a sole sovereign. Politically that country is split into provinces, wrong called states by historical reasons in order to facilitate the derogation of the original federation articles and the approval of the current Constitution.
The national unit postulate noted bgy the NorthAmerican Constitution, has determined the invariable rule of not admiting any territory as State until the Anglo-Saxon or Anglo-Celthics elements may have acquired in this one definitive ancestry. Racial, religious and cultural elements are primary to consider the admission possibility of a community to the statehood, rather as province.
Puerto Rico is the New World's most perfect nationality. It's a real social unit. In spite of being almost a 70 percent of Spanish blooded, catholicism has destroyed any racial deep division.
That Christian nation was born under the Cross aegis, one hundred years before Jamestown, Virginia was founded.
Culturally, this nation is considered one of the Christian civilization Greco-Latin repositories in this hemisphere. This coincidence is so deep that we consider this privilege as natural and our scientific national behavior, founded in our collective responsibility sense, can not be taken as a resignation to that glorious patrimony or to our destination.
In terms of Puerto Rico's point of view, statehood or any form of annexation means the transition of our international personality. In this way Puerto Rico would become a geographical name. Our nation would be rushed within of the NorthAmerican policy whirlpool, and of international geographical social problems without no advantage for us. On the other hand, in view of the absolute impossibility to transfor to this Spanish-American nation into an Anglo-American community is an absurdity occupying about the statehood, since such pretension equals to request the United States people to collapse their national unit. Two senators and nine Puerto Rican deputies in the United States Congress can be converted into umpires of the United States fate in any critical moment of that nation life.
Such Puerto Rican representation's point of view about the world affaires, especially those which affect Latin America would be opposite to the NorthAmerican traditional point of view. In the United States internal affaires our men could never see things as NorthAmericans see them.
This perennial incomprehension would be unavoidable in spite of the best good will and justice sense, because the traditions fixed by a social national or international perspective can not be altered fundamentally by convenience motives.
These are the fundamental reasons against the absurdity of Puerto Rico's statehood .
The supposed economic reasons against statehood lack of basis. Puerto Rico is an expensive country and can support statehood or independence. Our country has an approximate area of four thousand squared miles, this is ten thousand square kilometers and supports a population of almost two million inhabitants; it's the second market for the United States in this hemisphere and the sixth in the world.
It's evidently large our productive capacity.
These are current economic facts inside the current regime of a responsible government that operates for the exclusive benefit of four or five absentee corporations registered in the United States, however, it's not possible to determine the nationality of their its shareholders.
Under a responsible government for the Republic of Puerto Rico with the inherent freedom to negotiate commercial treaties with reciprocity base, our economic production forcibly will increase. Outside statehood the United States Constitution takes care only of the irresponsible government form: Martial law in any state or territory in case of revolt or foreign invasion and the territorial government form.
Using the NorthAmerican judicial terms, Puerto Rico is defined as "a non incorporated territory, that it's a possession but that it's not part of the United States".
Of course that sounds absurd and incomprehensible, but it's the judicial United States courts definition. However with all the respect that judicial authorityit deserves, that means that Puerto Rico is governed as any other territory, this is with an irresponsible government with all the evils and calamities, hardship and tyranny unavoidable in a government of that nature.
It's not strange then that the irresponsible government system implanted by United States during the period called of reconstruction had to be respected by force. Arkansas had to suppress the government territorial form in the same way.
It's this irresponsible regime the one that the created interests wish to perpetuate. In front of the independence, they simulate to defend statehood, but indeed they also hate that statute.
In the judicial definition made by the United States courts it's declared that Puerto Rico is not a part of the United States.
That conclusion is truth. The Treaty of Paris by virtue of which the United States has intended to rule this country is void in what it relates to Puerto Rico. The current regime is simply a military intervention that operates for the exclusive benefit of absentee corporations that intend to reduce to the most cruel economic slavery all this nation.
Such government is managed in name of the United States people. It has at its service the armed forces and resources of that nation.
Even the humanitarian feelings of the United States people are exploited for that purpose .
The absentee corporations here established, because Puerto Rico is a very rich country, maintain a propaganda in the NorthAmerican press to meddle the NorthAmerican ingenuous people for supporting this regime of economic development with the deceit that this is for the good of the poor Puerto Rico people.
This press propaganda is systematical and it's made with the intention of clouding the NorthAmerican public opinion.
The current military intervention harms the vital interests of the NorthAmerican people. The United States as nation assumes a huge responsibility upon maintaining this tyrannical government with its long list of crimes to maintain the slavery to exclusive benefit of some few absentee corporations.
This policy affects the vast vital United States interest in Latin America, that naturally feels in solidarity with the Puerto Rico's independence cause.
Independence means international relationships by means of a convenient reciprocity.
Before the NorthAmerican invasion, more than 40% of our foreign trade was made with the United States. There's no reason to don't arrive to a mutual convenience friendly arrangement with respect for Puerto Rico's independence .
After the United States executive branch represented by its president, Mr. Franklin D. Roosevelt, has recognized the right of Puerto Rico to be an independent nation, it can be established real friendly relationships between the two nations for their mutual convenience.
In order to conspire inherent dangerous situations to every period of transition, the current regime must be liquidated without greater delay by a Constituent Convention and a trade and friendship treaty between the two nations.
Puerto Rico is a noble nation and its word, once given, worths so much as its credit, no matter the circumstances.
from: "La conciencia nacional
puertoriqueña".("The puertorican national
Don Pedro Albizu Campos
Siglo XXI Editores, SA
|Most recent revision: Feb., 26, 2002.|